ICSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus

Get a Free Demo at your home

Supercharge your learning with personalized analysis and study tips. 90% students find their session to be a game changer.

Mathematics comes with several tricky questions. You need to have a correct ICSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus to prepare well for the exam. In order to solve this tough questions easily you need to have a great practice. With the help of past year question papers and online mock tests for ICSE Class 10 you can improve your problem solving speed and accuracy. A syllabus is the most important element to start your preparation for any subject and for any exam. Hence always refer the latest copy before planning your preparation. Below is the complete syllabus by SpeedLabs academic experts as per the latest CBSE instructions. Prepare for your exam as the per the current ICSE 10 Maths syllabus and score well in the final board exam.


CLASS X Stroke 396

1. To acquire knowledge and understanding of the terms, symbols, concepts, principles, processes, proofs, etc. of mathematics.

2. To develop an understanding of mathematical concepts and their application to further studies in mathematics and science.

3. To develop skills to apply mathematical knowledge to solve real life problems.

4. To develop the necessary skills to work with modern technological devices such as calculators and computers in real life situations.

5. To develop drawing skills, skills of reading tables, charts and graphs.

6. To develop an interest in mathematics.

Note: Unless otherwise specified, only S. I. Units are to be used while teaching and learning, as well as for answering questions.

There will be one paper of two and a half hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

The paper will be divided into two sections, Section I (40 marks), Section II (40 marks).

Section I: will consist of compulsory short answer questions.

Section II: Candidates will be required to answer four out of seven questions.

The solution of a question may require the knowledge of more than one branch of the syllabus.

  • 1. Pure Arithmetic
    Rational and Irrational Numbers
    Rational, irrational numbers as real numbers,
    their place in the number system. Surds and rationalization of surds. Simplifying an expression by rationalizing the denominator.
  • 2. Commercial Mathematics Compound Interest
    • (a) Compound interest as a repeated Simple Interest computation with a growing Principal. Use of this in computing Amount over a period of 2 or 3 years.
    • (b) Use of formula A= P (1 + r/100 )n. Finding CI
      from the relation CI = A – P.
      • Interest compounded half-yearly included.
      • Using the formula to find one quantity given different combinations of A, P, r, n, CI and SI; difference between CI and SI type included.
      × = ÷ = = etc. Use of laws of exponents. (v) Logarithms (a) Logarithmic form vis-à-vis exponential form: interchanging.
      (b) Laws of Logarithms and their uses. Expansion of expression with the help of laws of logarithms eg. y =
    • Rate of growth and depreciation.
    • Note: Paying back in equal installments, being given rate of interest and installment amount, not included.
  • 3. Algebra
    • (i) Expansions
      Recall of concepts learned in earlier classes. (a ± b) 2
      (a ± b) 3
      (x ± a)(x ± b)
      (a ± b ± c) 2
      (ii) Factorisation
      a2 – b 2
      a3 ± b 3
      ax 2 + bx + c, by splitting the middle term.
      (iii) Simultaneous Linear Equations in two variables. (With numerical coefficients only)
      • Solving algebraically by:
      - Elimination
      - Substitution and
      - Cross Multiplication method
      • Solving simple problems by framing appropriate equations. (iv) Indices/ Exponents
      Handling positive, fractional, negative and “zero” indices.
      Simplification of expressions involving various exponents
    • 4. Geometry
      • (i) Triangles
        (a) Congruency: four cases: SSS, SAS, AAS, and RHS. Illustration through cutouts. Simple applications.
      • (b) Problems based on:
        Angles opposite equal sides are equal and converse.
        If two sides of a triangle are unequal, then the greater angle is opposite the greater side and converse.
        Sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side.
        Of all straight lines that can be drawn to a given line from a point outside it, the perpendicular is the shortest.
        Proofs not required.
      • (c) Mid-Point Theorem and its converse, equal intercept theorem
        (i) Proof and simple applications of mid- point theorem and its converse.
        (ii) Equal intercept theorem: proof and simple application.
        (d) Pythagoras Theorem Area based proof and simple applications of Pythagoras Theorem and its converse.
        (ii) Rectilinear Figures
        (a) Proof and use of theorems onparallelogram. Both pairs of opposite sides equal (without proof).
        Both pairs of opposite angles equal.
        One pair of opposite sides equal and parallel (without proof). Diagonals bisect each other and bisect the parallelogram.
        Rhombus as a special parallelogram whose diagonals meet at right angles. In a rectangle, diagonals are equal, in a square they are equal and meet at right angles.
        (b) Constructions of Polygons Construction of quadrilaterals (including parallelograms and rhombus) and regular hexagon using ruler and compasses only.
      • (c) Proof and use of Area theorems on parallelograms:
        Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
        The area of a triangle is half that of a parallelogram on the same base and between the same parallels.
        Triangles between the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area (without proof).
        Triangles with equal areas on the same bases have equal corresponding altitudes.
      • (iii) Circle:
        (a) Chord properties
        A straight line drawn from the center of a circle to bisect a chord which is not a diameter is at right angles to the chord. The perpendicular to a chord from the center bisects the chord (without proof). Areas of sectors of circles other than quarter- circle and semicircle are not included.
      • (c) Surface area and volume of 3-D solids: cube and cuboid including problems of type involving:
        Different internal and external dimensions of the solid.
        Concept of volume being equal to area of cross-section x height.
        Open/closed cubes/cuboids.
      • 5. Statistics
        Introduction, collection of data, presentation of data, Graphical representation of data, Mean, Median of ungrouped data.
        (i) Understanding and recognition of raw, arrayed and grouped data.
        (ii) Tabulation of raw data using tally-marks. (iii)Understanding and recognition of discrete and continuous variables.
        (iv) Mean, median of ungrouped data
        (v) Class intervals, class boundaries and limits, frequency, frequency table, class size for grouped data.
        (vi) Grouped frequency distributions: the need to and how to convert discontinuous intervals to continuous intervals.
        (vii)Drawing a frequency polygon.
      • 6. Mensuration Area and perimeter of a triangle and a quadrilateral. Area and circumference of circle. Surface area and volume of Cube and Cuboids.
        (a) Area and perimeter of triangle (including Heron’s formula), rhombus, parallelogram and trapezium.
        (b) Circle: Area and Circumference. Direct application problems including Inner and Outer area. Areas of sectors of circles other than quarter- circle and semicircle are not included.
        (c) Surface area and volume of 3-D solids: cube and cuboid including problems of type involving:
        Different internal and external dimensions of the solid.
        Concept of volume being equal to area of cross-section x height.
        Open/closed cubes/cuboids.
      • 7 Trigonometry
        (a) Trigonometric Ratios: sine, cosine, tangent of an angle and their reciprocals.
        (b) Trigonometric ratios of standard angles- 0, 30, 45, 60, 90 degrees. Evaluation of an expression involving these ratios.
        (c) Simple 2-D problems involving one right- angled triangle.
        (d) Concept of trigonometric ratios of complementary angles and their direct application:
        sin A = cos(90 - A), cos A = sin(90 – A) tan A = cot (90 – A), cot A = tan (90- A)
        sec A = cosec (90 – A), cosec A = sec(90 – A)
      • 8 Co-ordinate Geometry
        Cartesian System, Plotting of points in the plane for given coordinates, solving simultaneous linear equations in 2 variables graphically and finding the distance between two points using distance formula.
        (a) Dependent and independent variables.
        (b) Ordered pairs, co-ordinates of points and plotting them in the Cartesian plane.
        (c) Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations graphically.
        (d) Distance formula.


A minimum of two assignments are to be done during the year as prescribed by the teacher.

Suggested Assignments

  • Conduct a survey of a group of students and represent it graphically - height, weight, number of family members, pocket money, etc.
  • Planning delivery routes for a postman/milkman.
  • Running a tuck shop/canteen.
  • Study ways of raising a loan to buy a car or house, e.g. bank loan or purchase a refrigerator or a television set through hire purchase.
  • Cutting a circle into equal sections of a small central angle to find the area of a circle by using the formula A = πr 2.
  • To use flat cutouts to form cube, cuboids and pyramids to obtain formulae for volume and total surface area.
  • Draw a circle of radius r on a ½ cm graph paper, and then on a 2 mm graph paper. Estimate the area enclosed in each case by actually counting the squares. Now try out with circles of different radii. Establish the pattern, if any, between the two observed values and the theoretical value (area = πr2 ). Any modifications?

Fill Form Get a Free Demo at your home