The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations also
called CISCE is a private Board of School Education in India. The
board was founded in the year 1958. The Indian Certificate of
Secondary Education (ICSE) and Indian School Certificate (ISC) are
national level examinations conducted by the CISCE for Class 10 and
Class 12 respectively. Both ICSE and ISC examinations are known for
their voluminous and extensive exam syllabus.
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education has been designed to
provide an exam in a course of general education, according to the
New Education Policy 1986, through English medium. The board focuses
on a student’s overall growth, so it provides a balanced
curriculum to all its learners.
Paper I - Theory: 70 Marks
There will be no overall choice in the paper. Candidates will be
required to answer all questions. Internal choice will be available
in two questions of 2 marks each, two questions of 3 marks each and
all the three questions of 5 marks each.
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Atoms and Nuclei
Practical-15 Marks Project Work – 10 Marks Practical File- 5
Electric Charges and Fields: Electric charges;
conservation and quantisation of charge,
Coulomb's law; superposition principle and
continuous charge distribution.
Electric field, electric field due to a point
charge, electric field lines, electric dipole,
electric field due to a dipole, torque on a
dipole in uniform electric field.
Electric flux, Gauss’s theorem in
Electrostatics and its applications to find
field due to infinitely long straight wire,
uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and
uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
2. Current Electricity
Mechanism of flow of current in conductors.
Mobility, drift velocity and its relation with
electric current; Ohm's law and its proof,
resistance and resistivity and their relation to
drift velocity of electrons; V-I characteristics
(linear and non-linear), electrical energy and
power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon
resistors; series and parallel combinations of
resistors; temperature dependence of resistance
Internal resistance of a cell, potential
difference and emf of a cell, combination of
cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff's
laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge,
metre bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its
applications to measure potential difference, to
compare emf of two cells; to measure internal
resistance of a cell.
3. Magnetic Effects of Current and
Moving charges and magnetism:
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment.
Biot - Savart law and its application. Ampere's
Circuital law and its applications to infinitely
long straight wire, straight and toroidal
solenoids (only qualitative treatment). Force on
a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric
fields, cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying
conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force
between two parallel current-carrying
conductors-definition of ampere, torque
experienced by a current loop in uniform
magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer - its
sensitivity. Conversion of galvanometer into an
ammeter and a voltmeter.
Magnetism and Matter: A current
loop as a magnetic dipole, its magnetic dipole
moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving
electron, magnetic field intensity due to a
magnetic dipole (bar magnet) on the axial line
and equatorial line, torque on a magnetic dipole
(bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar
magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field
lines; earth's magnetic field and magnetic
elements. Diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and
ferromagnetic substances, with examples.
Electromagnets and factors affecting their
strengths, permanent magnets.
4. Electromagnetic Induction and
Faraday's laws, induced emf and current; Lenz's
Law, eddy currents. Self-induction and mutual
Alternating Current: Peak
value, mean value and RMS value of alternating
current/voltage; their relation in sinusoidal
case; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations
(qualitative treatment only), LCR series
circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits,
wattless current. AC generator.
5. Electromagnetic Waves
Basic idea of displacement
current.Electromagnetic waves, their
characteristics, their transverse nature
(qualitative ideas only). Complete
electromagnetic spectrum starting from radio
waves to gamma rays: elementary facts of
electromagnetic waves and their uses.
Ray Optics: Reflection of light
by spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction
of light at plane surfaces, total internal
reflection and its applications, optical fibres,
refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin
lens formula, lens maker's formula,
magnification, power of a lens, combination of
thin lenses in contact, combination of a lens
and a mirror, refraction and dispersion of light
through a prism. Scattering of light.
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes
(reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying
powers and their resolving powers.
7. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Wave particle duality; photoelectric effect,
Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's
photoelectric equation - particle nature of
light. Matter waves - wave nature of particles,
de-Broglie relation; conclusion from
Davisson-Germer experiment. X-rays
Nuclei: Composition and size of
nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma
particles/rays and their properties; radioactive
decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect;
binding energy per nucleon and its variation
with mass number; Nuclear reactions, nuclear
fission and nuclear fusion.
9. Electronic Devices
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices
and Simple Circuits. Energy bands in conductors,
semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas
only). Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors.
Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in
forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;
Special types of junction diodes: LED,
photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and its
characteristics, zener diode as a voltage
Junction transistor: npn and pnp transistor,
transistor action, characteristics of a
transistor and transistor as an amplifier
(common emitter configuration).
Elementary idea of analogue and digital signals:
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).
Combination of gates.
10. Communication Systems
Elements of a communication system, bandwidth of
signals (speech, TV and digital data), bandwidth
of transmission medium. Modes of propagation of
electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere through
sky and space waves, satellite communication.
Modulation, types (frequency and amplitude),
need for modulation and demodulation, advantages
of frequency modulation over amplitude
modulation. Elementary ideas about internet,
mobile network and global positioning system
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