keeping JEE in mind these topics are very important. Specially p-block and
d- block these two units are most important. Given below is the complete
syllabus of these chapters, so you can take reference which topics you have
II. Compounds of s-block elements
Preparation and properties of some important compounds - sodium
carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen
Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement
Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
UNIT 15: p - Block Elements
Group 13 to Group 18 Elements
General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends
in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods
and down the groups; unique behavior of the first element in each
Groupwise study of the p–block elements
Group - 13
Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure,
properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride,
aluminium chloride and alums.
Group - 14
Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of allotropes and
oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.
Group - 15
Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of
phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric
acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides
and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Group - 16
Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone;
Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses
of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation);
Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.
Group - 17
Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends
in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen
compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.
Group - 18
Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of
UNIT 16: d– and f– Block Elements
Inner Transition Elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and
characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition
elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states,
atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex
formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties
and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical
reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.
Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.